Dr. Donald Boesch - Publications




Boesch, D. F. and A. E. Smalley.  1972.  A new axiid (Decapoda: Thalassinidea) from the northern Gulf of Mexico and tropical Atlantic.  Bull. Mar. Sci. 22:45-52.

Boesch, D. F.  1973.  Three new tanaids (Crustacea, Tanaidacea) from southern Queensland.  Pacific Sci. 27:168-188.

Emig, C.C., D.F. Boesch and S. Rainer. 1977. Phoronida from Australia. Rec. Australian Mus. 30: 455-474.


Benthic Ecology


Boesch, D. F.  1972.  Species diversity of marine macrobenthos in the Virginia area.  Chesapeake Sci. 13:206-211.

Boesch, D. F.  1973.  Classification and community structure of macrobenthos in the Hampton Roads area, Virginia.  Mar. Biol. 21:226-244.

McEachran, J. D., D. F. Boesch and J. A. Musick.  1976.  Food division within two sympatric species-pairs of skates.  Mar. Biol. 35:301-317.

Boesch, D. F., R. J. Diaz and R. W. Virnstein.  1976.  Effects of Tropical Storm Agnes on soft-bottom macrobenthic communities of the James and York river estuaries and the bay mouth.  Chesapeake Sci. 17:246-259.

Boesch, D. F., M. L. Wass and R. W. Virnstein.  1976.  The dynamics of estuarine benthic communities, p. 177-196.  In: M. L. Wiley (ed.) Estuarine Processes, Vol. 1 Academic Press, New York.

Boesch, D. F.  1977.  A new look at the zonation of benthos along the estuarine gradient, p. 245-266.  In:  B. C. Coull (ed.) Ecology of Marine Benthos.  University of South Carolina Press, Columbia.

Bowen, M. A., P. O. Smyth, D. F. Boesch and J. van Montfrans.  1979.  Comparative biogeography of benthic macrocrustaceans of the Middle Atlantic (U.S.) continental shelf.  Bull. Biol. Soc. Wash. 3:214-255.

Wenner, E. L. and D. F. Boesch.  1979.  Distribution patterns of epibenthic decapod Crustacea along the shelf-slope coenocline.  Bull. Biol. Soc. Wash. 3:106-133.

Gray, J.S., D. Boesch, C. Heip, A.M. Jones, J. Lassig, R. Vanderhorst, and D. Wolfe. 1980. The role of ecology in marine pollution monitoring. Rapp. P.-v. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer 179: 237-252.

Boesch, D. F. and R. Rosenberg.  1981.  Response to stress in marine benthic communities, p. 179-200.  In:  G. M. Barrett and R. Rosenberg (eds.) Stress Effects on Natural Ecosystems, John Wiley, New York.

Boesch, D. F.  1982.  Ecosystems consequences of alternations of benthic community structure and function in the New York Bight region, p. 543-568.  In:  G. F. Mayer (ed.) Ecological Stress in the New York Bight:  Science and Management.  Estuarine Research Federation, Columbia, South Carolina.

Schaffner, L. C. and D. F. Boesch.  1982.  Spatial and temporal resource use by dominant benthic Amphipoda (Ampeliscidae and Corohphiidae) on the Middle Atlantic Bight outer continental shelf.  Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 9:231-243.

Boesch, D. F., T. Zhican, X. Fengshan and K. J. Nilsen. 1983.  Macrobenthos and biogenic structures in sediments of the East China Sea continental shelf, p. 904-914.  In: Sedimentation on the Continental Shelf with Special Reference to the East China Sea.  Springer-Verlag.

Rhoads, D. C., D. F. Boesch, T. Zhican, X. Fengshan, H. Liqiang and K. J. Nilsen.  1985.  Macrobenthos and sedimentary facies on the Changjiang delta platform and adjacent continental shelf, East China Sea.  Continental Shelf Res. 4:189-213.

Boesch, D.F., Tang Zhican, Xu Fengshan, and K.J. Nilsen. 1986. Macrobenthos and biogenic structures in sediments of the East China Sea continental shelf. Studia Marina Sinica 27: 187-197. [in Chinese]

Diaz, R. J., C. Erseus and D. F. Boesch.  1987.  Distribution and ecology of Middle Atlantic Bight Oligochaeta.  Hydrobiologia 155:215-225.

Boesch, D. F. and N. N. Rabalais.  1992.  Effects of hypoxia on continental shelf benthos:  Comparisons betweenthe New York Bight and the northern Gulf of MexicoGeological Society, Special Publication 58:27-34.

Levin, L.A., D.F. Boesch, A. Covich, C. Dahm, C. Erséus , K.C. Ewel, R.T. Kneib, A. Moldenke, M. Palmer, P. Snelgrove, D. Strayer,  and J.M. Weslawski.  2001.  The function of marine critical transition zones and the importance of sediment biodiversity.  Ecosystems 4:430-451.

North, E.W., D.M. King, J. Xu, R.R. Hood, R.I.E. Newell, K.T. Paynter, M.L. Kellogg, M.D. Liddel and D. F. Boesch.  2010.  Linking optimization and ecological models in a decision support tool for oyster restoration and management. Ecological Applications 20: 851-866.

North, E.,W., J. Xu, R.R. Hood, R.I.E. Newell, D.F. Boesch, M.W. Luckenbach and K.T. Paynter. Submitted. Quantifying the ability of eastern oysters to filter the waters of the Chesapeake Bay.




Boesch, D. F. (ed.)  1982.  Proceedings of the Conference on Coastal Erosion and Wetland Modification in Louisiana:  Causes, Consequences and Options.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service FWS/OBS-82/59. 256 p.

Boesch, D. F. and R. E. Turner.  1984.  Dependence of fishery species on salt marshes:  the role of food and refuge.  Estuaries 7:460-468.

Boesch, D. F., R. E. Turner and J. W. Day, Jr.  1984.  Deterioration of coastal environments in the Mississippi Deltaic Plain:  options for riverine and wetland management p. 447-466.  In:  V. Kennedy (ed.) The Estuary as a Filter.  Academic Press, New York.

Turner, R. E. and D. F. Boesch.  1987.  Aquatic animal production and wetland relationships: Insights gleaned following wetland loss or gain.  In:  B. Hook (ed.) Ecology and Management of Wetlands, Croon Helms Ltd., Beckenham, U.K.

Boesch, D.F., M.J. Josselyn, A.J. Mehta, J.T. Morris, W.K. Nuttle, C.A. Simenstad, D.J.P. Swift.  1994.  Scientific assessment of coastal wetland loss, restoration and management in Louisiana.  J. Coastal Res.  Spec. Issue 20:103.1-103.

Boesch, D.F., M.A. Lewis, W.H. McKee, D. Morrison, P.F. Roscigno, G.I Scott, and J.K. Summers. 1999.  Contaminant fate and effects in coastal and estuarine wetlands, p. 207-242.  In: M.A. Lewis, F. L. Mayer, R.L. Powell, M.K. Nelson, S.J. Klaine, M.G. Henry and G.W. Dickenson (eds.) Ecotoxicology and Risk Assessment for Wetlands.  Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Pensacola, Florida.

Day, J.W, Jr., D.F. Boesch and 14 others. 2007. Restoration of the Mississippi Delta: lessons from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Science 315:1679-1681. [PDF]

Galloway, G.E., D.F. Boesch and R.R. Twilley. 2009. Restoring and protecting coastal Louisiana . Issues in Science and Technology , Winter 2009: 29-38. [PDF, 3 mb]


Oil Pollution


Boesch, D. F., C. H. Hershner and J. H. Milgram.  1974.  Oil Spills and the Marine Environment.  Ballinger, Cambridge. 114 p.

Alongi, D. A. and D. F. Boesch.  1983.  Colonization of meiobenthos in oil-contaminated subtidal sands in the Chesapeake Bay. Mar. Biol. 72:325-335.

D. F. Boesch and N. N. Rabalais (eds.) 1987. Long-term Effects of Offshore Oil and Gas Development.  Elsevier Applied Science, New York, 695 p.




Rabalais, N. N., R. E. Turner, W. J. Wiseman, Jr. and D. F. Boesch.  1992.  A brief summary of hypoxia on the northern Gulf of Mexico continental shelf:  1985-1988.  Geological Society, Special Publication 58.

Boesch, D.F. and R.B. Brinsfield.  2000.  Coastal eutrophication and agriculture:  contributions and solutions, p. 93-115.  In: E. Balázs, E. Galante, J.M. Lynch, J.S. Schepers, J.P. Toutant, E. Werner, and P.A.Th.J. Werry (eds.), Biological Resource Management:  Connecting Science and Policy.  Springer, Berlin. [PDF].

Boesch, D.F., R. B. Brinsfield, and R. E. Magnien.   2001.  Chesapeake Bay eutrophication:  scientific understanding, ecosystem restoration and challenges for agriculture.  J. Environ. Qual.  30:303-320. [PDF]

 Boesch, D.F.  2002.  Causes and consequences of nutrient over-enrichment of coastal waters, p. 165-180.  In: R. Ragaini (ed.), International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies.  25th Session.  World Scientific Publishing, Singapore.   [PDF].  

Boesch, D.F.  2002.  Challenges and opportunities for science in reducing nutrient over-enrichment of coastal ecosystems.  Estuaries 25:744-758. [PDF].

Boesch, D.F.  2003.  Continental shelf hypoxia:  some compelling answers.  Gulf of Mexico Science 21:143-145.  [PDF].

Boesch, D.F. 2004. The Gulf of Mexico's Dead Zone. Science 306: 977-978. [PDF].

Kemp, W.M., W.R. Boynton, J.E. Adolf, D.F. Boesch, W.C. Boicourt, G. Brush, J.C. Cornwell, T.R. Fisher, P.M. Glibert, J.D. Hagy, L.W. Harding, E.D. Houde, D.G. Kimmel, W.D. Miller, R.I.E. Newell, M.R. Roman, E.M. Smith, and J.C. Stevenson.  2005.  Eutrophication of Chesapeake Bay:  Historical trends and ecological interactions.  Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 303:1-29.[link]

Rabalais, N.N., R.E. Turner, B.K. Sen Gupta, D.F. Boesch, P. Chapman, and M.C. Murrell. 2007.  Characterization and long-term trends of hypoxia in the northern Gulf of Mexico:  Does the science support the action plan?  Estuaries and Coasts  30:753-772. [PDF]

Conley, D.J., H.W. Paerl, R.W. Howarth, D.F. Boesch, S.P. Seitzinger, K.W. Havens, C. Lancelot and G.E. Likens. 2009. Controlling eutrophication: nitrogen and phosphorus. Science 232:1014-1015. [PDF]

Boesch, D.F. W.R. Boynton, L.B. Crowder, R.J. Diaz, R.W. Howarth, L.D. Mee, S.W. Nixon, N.N. Rabalais, R. Rosenberg, J.G. Sanders, D. Scavia and R.E. Turner. Nutrient enrichment drives Gulf of Mexico hypoxia. Eos, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 90:117-118.[PDF]

Conley, D.J., H.W. Paerl, R.W. Howarth, D.F. Boesch, S.P. Seitzinger, K.W. Havens, C. Lancelot and G.E. Likens. 2009. Response. Science 324:724-725. [PDF]


Climate Change


Boesch, D.F., J. C. Field, and D. Scavia (eds.)  2000.  The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change on Coastal Areas and Marine Resources.  NOAA Coastal Ocean Program Decision Analysis Series #21, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland. [PDF]

Scavia, D., J.C. Field, D.F. Boesch, R.W. Buddemeier, V. Burkett, D.R. Cayan, M. Fogarty, M.A. Hartwell, R.W. Howarth, C. Mason, D.J. Reed, T.C. Royer, A.H. Sallenger, and J.G. Titus.  2002.  Climate change impacts on U.S. coastal and marine ecosystems. Estuaries 25:149-164. [PDF]

Wood, R.J., D.F. Boesch, and V.S. Kennedy.  2002.  Future consequences of climate change for the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem and its fisheries. Am. Fisheries Soc. Symp. 32:171-184. [PDF]

Boesch, D.F., V.J. Coles, D.G. Kimmel, W.D. Miller. 2007. Ramifications of climate change for Chesapeake Bay hypoxia, p. 54-70. In Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Four Case Studies in the United States. Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Arlington, VA [link]

Day, J.W., R.R. Christian, D.F. Boesch, A. Yáñez-Arancibia, J. Morris, R.R. Twilley, L. Naylor, L. Schaffner, and J.C. Stevenson.  2008. Consequences of climate change on the ecogeomorphology of coastal wetlands.  Estuaries and Coasts 31:477-491.[PDF]

Boesch. D.F. (ed.). 2008. Global Warming and the Free State: Comprehensive Assessment of Climate Change Impacts in Maryland. University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Cambridge, MD. [link]

Karl, T.R., J.M. Melillo and T.C. Peterson. 2009. Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. [link]

Moser, S.C., S.J. Williams and D.F. Boesch.  2012.  Wicked challenges at land’s end: Managing coastal vulnerability under climate change.  Annual Reviews of Environment and Resources.  37:51-78 [link]

Boesch, D.F.  2013. Land-margin ecosystems and global change. In Global Environmental Change.  Springer Handbook.


Science and Environmental Management


Boesch, D.F., and M.F. Roberts. 1983. Biological effects, p. 423-517. In : E.P. Myers and E.T. Harding (eds.) Ocean Disposal of Municipal Wastewater: Impacts on the Coastal Environment . MIT Sea Grant College Program, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Boesch, D.F. and E.R. Urban.  1995.  Priorities for coastal ecosystem science—a review.  Oceanography. 8:97-99

Boesch, D.F. 1996. Science and management in four U.S. coastal ecosystems dominated by land-ocean interactions.  J. Coastal Conservation 2:103-114.[PDF]

Boesch, D.F., D.M. Anderson, R.A. Horner, S.E. Shumway, P.A. Tester, and T. E. Whitledge.  1996.  Harmful Algal Blooms in Coastal Waters: Options for Prevention, Control and Mitigation.  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland.

Costanza, R., R. Andrade, P. Antunes, M. van den Belt, D. Boersma, D.F. Boesch, F. Catarino, S. Hanna, K. Limburg, B. Low, M. Molitor, J. G. Pereira, S. Rayner, R. Santos, J. Wilson, and M. Young.  1998.  Principles for sustainable governance of the oceans.  Science 281: 198-199. 

Costanza, R., F. Andrade, P. Antunes, M. van den Belt, D. Boesch, D. Boersma, F. Catarino, S. Hanna, K. Limburg, B. Low, M. Molitor, J.G. Pereira, S. Rayner, R. Santos, J. Wilson, and M. Young.  1999.  Ecological economics and sustainable governance of the oceans.  Ecol. Economics 31: 171-187.

Boesch, D.F.  1999.   The role of science in ocean governance.  Ecol. Economics 31: 189-198. [PDF]

Boesch, D.F.  2000.  Measuring the health of the Chesapeake Bay:  toward integration and prediction.  Environ. Res.  82: 134-142. [PDF]

Boesch, D.F., R.H. Burroughs, J.E. Baker, R.P. Mason, C.L. Rowe, and R.L. Siefert.  2001.  Marine Pollution in the United States.  Pew Oceans Commission, Arlington, Virginia. [Link]

Boesch, D.F.  2001.  Science and integrated drainage basin-coastal management:  the Chesapeake Bay and the Mississippi Delta, p. 37-50.  In: B. von Bodungen and K. Turner (eds.) Science and Integrated Coastal Management.  Dahlem University Press, Berlin. [PDF] 

Jickells, T.D., D.F. Boesch, F. Colijn, R. Elmgren, P. Frykblom, L.D. Mee, J.M. Pacyna, M. Voss, and F.V. Wulff.  2001.  Transboundaries issues, p. 92-112.   In: B. von Bodungen and K. Turner (eds.) Science and Integrated Coastal Management.  Dahlem University Press, Berlin.

Boesch, D.F.  2001.  Pfiesteria and the Chesapeake Bay.  Bioscience 51:803. [PDF]

Boesch, D.F., and J.F. Paul.  2001.  An overview of coastal environmental health indicators.  Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 7:1409-1417. [PDF]

Boesch, D., E. Burreson, W. Dennison, E. Houde, M. Kemp, V. Kennedy, R. Newell, K. Paynter, R. Orth, and R. Ulanowicz.  2001.  Factors in the decline of coastal ecosystems.  Science 293:1589-1590. [PDF]

Boesch, D.F. and J. Greer (eds.).  2003.  Chesapeake Futures:  Choices for the 21st Century.  Chesapeake Research Consortium, Inc., Edgewater, Maryland.  [Link]

Boesch, D.F. 2005. Energy, environment and global change: presentation, p. 131-135. In: Vision 2033: Linking Science and Policy for Tomorrow's World. Proceedings of the 30th Anniversary of the AAAS Science and Technology Policy Fellowship Programs. American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, D.C.[PDF]

Orth, K., J.W. Day, D.F. Boesch, E. J. Clairain, W.J. Mitsch, L. Shabman, C. Simenstad, B. Streever, C. Watson, J. Wells, and D. Whigham. 2005. Lessons learned: an assessment of the effectiveness of a National Technical Review Committee for oversight of the plan for the restoration of the Mississippi Delta. Ecol. Engin. 25:153-167. [PDF]

Boesch, D.F.  2006.  Scientific requirements for ecosystem-based management in the restoration of Chesapeake Bay and Coastal Louisiana.  Ecol. Engin. 26:6-26  [PDF]

Boesch, D.F., P.N. Manley, and T.S. Melis. 2006. The future of water resources adaptive management: challenges and overcoming them. Water Resources IMPACT 8:21-23 [PDF]

Boesch, D., C. Groat, and T. Killeen. 2006. Science should inform sustainable rebuilding. EOS 87:245-252. [PDF]

Boesch, D.F. and E. B. Goldman.  2009.  Chesapeake Bay, USA, pp. 268-293. In: K. McLeod and H. Leslie (eds) Ecosystem-based Management for the Oceans.  Island Press, Washington, DC.


Reports of National Research Council Committees Chaired


National Research Council.  1990.  Managing Troubled Waters: The Role of Marine Environmental Monitoring. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 

National Research Council.  1994.  Priorities for Coastal Ecosystem Science. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

National Research Council.  1995.  Science, Policy and the Coast: Improving Decisionmaking. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 

National Research Council.  2004.  Adaptive Management for Water Resources Project Planning.  National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.


Links to Non-Technical Articles


Unpopular scienceBay Journal, March 1995.

Releasing data before "it's soup" can put scientists in hot waterBay Journal, December 1998.

Effects of climate change belong on Chesapeake Bay agenda. Bay Journal, January-February, 1999.  (with L. Donelson Wright)

Bay has a lot to learn from European efforts to reduce nutrients. Bay Journal, March 2000.

We must commit our efforts — not just support — for a clean BayBay Journal, March 2003. (with William C. Baker)

Technology can wear a white hatSea Technology, August 2003. 

For better or worse, till the dead zone do us partBay Journal, January-February, 2004 

Restoring coastal Louisiana: Dispelling myths and seeking opportunities. National Wetlands Newsletter, 2006

Science and the challenge of reversing marine eutrophication. BONUS Newsletter, November 2006

Rethinking protection and restoration in coastal Louisiana. National Wetlands Newsletter, September-October 2007

Restoring the bay means taking action on climate change. Baltimore Sun, October 9, 2007

Global warming and coastal dead zones. National Wetlands Newsletter, July-August 2008

Louisiana can't afford denial or despair in effort to save the coast. Times-Picayune, December 28, 2008

On the Chesapeake Bay cleanup, agribusiness tries to muddy the watersWashington Post, September 30, 2011

So, why are plant zones changingWashington Post, February 3, 2012

The moment in time, Annapolis Capital, February 11, 2012



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