In an unexpected discovery, researchers at the University of Maryland Baltimore County and the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science have found that the complex eyes of mantis shrimp are equipped with optics that generate ultraviolet (UV) color vision. Mantis shrimp's six UV photoreceptors pick up on different colors within the UV spectrum based on filters made from an ingredient other animals depend on as built-in biological sunscreen, according to research reported in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on July 3.
The Philip E. and Carole R. Ratcliffe Foundation has awarded the Institute of Marine and Environmental Technology (IMET) a three-year, $600,000 grant to initiate the Ratcliffe Environmental Entrepreneurs Fellowship Program. This new effort has been formed to help young scientists cultivate the leadership and business skills necessary to bring their bench research into commercial markets.
Also anticipate average hypoxia for Gulf of Mexico
Scientists are expecting a slightly above average “dead zone” in the Chesapeake Bay this year, and an average, but still large, size hypoxic area in the Gulf of Mexico. The forecast for the Chesapeake Bay predicts a slightly larger than average dead zone in the nation's largest estuary.
Stormwater runoff proves to be important factor in Bay health
Despite a year of above average rainfall and record heat, the overall health of Chesapeake Bay held steady in 2013, according to scientists at the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science. Overall, the Chesapeake scored a C, nearly the same score as the previous year, which was up from a D+ and C- in previous years.
The University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Maryland’s premier research institution aimed at advancing scientific knowledge of the environment, has appointed former U.S. Deputy Secretary of Transportation John D. Porcari to its Board of Visitors. He is currently Senior Vice President and National Director of Strategic Consulting at Parsons Brinckerhoff.
Dr. Jeffrey Cornwell, a professor at the Horn Point Laboratory and an expert in sediments, water quality, and wetlands, has been honored by the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science with the President's Award for Excellence in Application of Science. Cornwell was recognized for his outstanding contributions to the understanding of nutrient cycling in the Chesapeake Bay, including his leadership in advising the Maryland Port Authority on the impacts of dredging, the role of oysters in removing nutrients from the water column, and the impact of sedimentation at Conowingo Dam.
For the first time, the University of Maryland, College Park (UMD), a preeminent research institution, will award graduate degrees in marine and environmental sciences jointly with the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science (UMCES), one of a few academic institutions in the country with a singular focus on environmental science.
In honor of outstanding contributions to environmental management in Western Maryland, the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science's Appalachian Laboratory has selected wildlife biologist and avid outdoorsman Tom Mathews as recipient of its 2014 Richard A. Johnson Environmental Education Award. Boasting 28-year career with the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Mathews has been a longtime champion of the natural world and continues to be an environmental steward.
Join the team to help restore the American Chestnut tree, learn about critters found in Maryland’s forests, and talk to experts about brook trout and fracking at a free Open House at the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science's Appalachian Laboratory. On Saturday, May 3 from 10 a.m.-2 p.m., learn about science with hands-on experiments for the whole family, meet the scientists working in your community, and enjoy a GPS cache hunt outside.
The University System of Maryland (USM) Board of Regents has selected two faculty members from the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science—Dr. Keith Eshleman and Dr. Andrew Elmore—to receive the 2014 USM Regents’ Faculty Award, the highest honor that the Board bestows to recognize exemplary faculty achievement. This is the first time that two of the Center’s faculty members have been honored in the same year.
Dr. Evamaria Wysk Koch, of Easton, passed away on Thursday, March 13, 2014 at 9 PM at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center in Baltimore from complications of lung cancer. Like many other lung cancer victims, she had never smoked and she maintained a healthy lifestyle. By the time the cancer was detected in July of 2013, it had progressed too far for surgery and chemotherapy ultimately failed.
Case studies show best management practices have lowered pollution
Pollution-reducing practices can improve water quality in the Chesapeake Bay and its rivers and streams, according to new research. A number of case studies show that “best management practices”—including upgrading wastewater treatment plants, lowering vehicle and power plant emissions, and reducing runoff from farmland—have lowered nutrients and sediment in local waterways.
Those two crooked beady eyes peeking out of the shell do more than just help blue crabs spot food in the murky waters of the Chesapeake Bay. They also produce important hormones responsible for the growth and development of a crab from an adolescent into a full-fledged adult. Scientists at the Institute of Marine and Environmental Technology in Maryland recently discovered a new hormone in those eyestalks responsible for forming body parts that make it possible for female crabs to mate and raise young.
Mating with more than one male increases reproductive success for female prairie dogs, despite a greater risk of predation and increased exposure to diseases and parasites. So why would a female prairie dog take the risk? The answer is simple: female prairie dogs that mate with two or more males rear more offspring than those that mate with only one.
Scientists have been tracking the movements of whales, seals, seabirds and turtles along the west coast to identify hot spots that could be better managed to protect marine life from human impacts. A new study reveals areas where human impacts are highest on marine predators. and that many of the high impact areas for the ocean’s top predators are already within the boundaries of five National Marine Sanctuaries along the west coast, covering nearly 15,000 square miles. This means there are good opportunities for improving management strategies.
The Board of Visitors of the Living Marine Resources Cooperative Science Center (LMRCSC) met at the Institute of Marine & Environmental Technology on November 4, 2013, for their annual meeting. LMRCSC faculty and graduate students met with the project directors, as well as Jacqueline Rousseau and Meka Laster from NOAA's Educational Partnership Program. The program is funded by NOAA's Educational Partnership Program.
Declines in atmospheric nitrogen pollution improved water quality over a 23-year period
A new study shows that the reduction of pollution emissions from power plants in the mid-Atlantic is making an impact on the quality of the water that ends up in the Chesapeake Bay. The study by scientists at the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science confirms that as the amount of emissions of nitrogen oxide from coal-fired power plants declined in response to the Clean Air Act, the amount of nitrogen pollution found in the waterways of forested areas in Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia fell as well.
Dr. Donald Boesch is one of five new members to join the Joint Ocean Commission Initiative’s distinguished Leadership Council, an influential group of ocean leaders tasked with changing the way we manage the nation’s oceans and coasts. The Joint Initiative was created in 2005 as a collaborative effort between the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy and the Pew Oceans Commission. Since its formation, it has sustained a broad-based, bipartisan effort to influence meaningful ocean policy reform and action at the national, regional, and state levels.